Diborane is manufactured by addition of boron trifluoride to a solution of borohydride in diethlene glycol dimethyl ether.
Diborane is a catalyst for ethylenic, styene, acrylic and vinyl polymerization.
Diborane is used as a rubber vulcanizer.
Diborane is used as a reducing agent.
Diborane is used as a flame speed accelerator.
Dibirane is an intermediate for preparation of boron hydrides of higher molecular weight.
Diborane is used for conversion of olefins to trialkyl boranes and primary alcohols.
Ddiborane serves as a strong but selective reducing agent in organic chemistry.
The addition of diborane to olefins (hydroboration) has great significance in preparetive chemistry. In the presence of an ether, diborane forms an alkyl borane, in an anti-markownikoff mode. Further areas of application for diborane are the doping of semiconductor silicon and germanium.
Diborane is used in the process of creating hardened metal surfaces for better wear resistance.